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The guide in English to both permanent archeological exhibitions of the Leon Wyczółkowski Regional Museum in Bydgoszcz was written having in mind foreign scientists, archeology aficionados and tourists visiting our Museum on the Młyńska Island. Preceded by a uniform introduction, it contains two integral parts of guides in Polish that were published earlier. Editing required significant supplements, related to updating and making the exhibitions more attractive.
It is another volume from the series of guides to individual collections of the Bydgoszcz Museum. High quality of publication and interesting graphic design should interest a wide group of enthusiasts.
The first part of the publication In the borderland between Wielkopolska and Pomerania describes to the readers the ancient history of this region and processes of changes that had taken place in the described area from the time of recording the first human traces in it. Settlement in the area started already in the Upper Paleolithic (approx. 12,000 – 10,000 B.C.). Settlement continuity in this zone is confirmed by remains of material culture in the form of various artifacts discovered by consecutive generations of archeologists. The most valuable archeological objects were provided with color photographs, catalog notes and comments. The guide uses material forms of culture and reconstructions, and at the exhibition – additionally multimedia presentations, prepared based on archeological discoveries. They show archeological discoveries from the area of Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivodeship, which are most interesting in terms of exhibition and science.
The second part of the publication In the Stronghold of Bydgost shows to residents of Bydgoszcz and its environs the history of the fortified city located in the area that is currently occupied by Grodzka, Przy Zamczysku and Bernardyńska Streets. From the beginning, protective functions of the settlement have been supplemented with economic functions. Its location, in the immediate proximity of the road running to the Baltic Sea, led to building of a customs house and a bridge, reported in historic records dating from 1252. Based on artifacts found in excavations, we can conclude that people had been involved in many craft trades in the area, including pottery, masonry, horn processing, leatherworking, spinning, and weaving. Semi-finished products and amber articles, glass and quartzite beads, whetstone made from graphitic shales, and in particular spindle whorls made from Volhynian slate found in the area confirm participation of Bydgoszcz in long-distance trade. In addition to traces of production and commercial activities, there were also discovered single weapons, which confirm presence of members of a military unit in the fortified city of Bydgoszcz. It’s hard to give an explicit answer if typical agricultural occupations were popular among the local residents in the past. It cannot be excluded that numerous remains of farm animals and grains found in the area were coming from rent paid by the local population. Clearly, however, using natural conditions of the area, people were involved in hunting, and in particular in fishing …
This publication surely encourages to involvement in an individual adventure at any age, to visit interactive exhibitions in the Archeological Collections on the Młyńska Island. It constitutes a whole display informing about the rich and unique archeological collection of Bydgoszcz. We also hope that it will provide unforgettable experiences to all guests visiting Bydgoszcz, situated on the Brda and Vistula rivers.
Field work: authors of research and Wojciech Kóčka, Wiesław Ochotny, Anna Rembisz-Lubiejewska, Marcin Krzepkowski, Dariusz Andrzejczak, Archive of the Regional Museum in Bydgoszcz, Archive of the Archeological Museum in Biskupin.
ss. 220, 250 replicas of color artifacts, photographs of archeological sites illustrating permanent exhibitions, chalk overlay paper, paperback
Scientific editing: Michał F. Woźniak
Compiled by: Jolanta Szałkowska-Łoś, Józef Łoś
Authors: Jacek Gackowski, Tadeusz Grabarczyk, Anna Grossman, Ryszard Grygiel, Aleksandra Kowalczyk, Józef Łoś, Grzegorz Osipowicz, Adriana Romańska, Iwona Sobkowiak-Tabaka, Jolanta Szałkowska-Łoś, Michał F. Woźniak
Translation to English: Agnieszka Fudzińska