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Music Department

Music Department is one of the youngest, and thus only shortly active department of the Leon Wyczółkowski District Museum. The basis of the collections is constituted by phonographic items from Adam Mańczak’s Phonographic Collection, that since 2005 have been systematically included in the museum resources through purchases and donations made by this collector from Bydgoszcz.

The collections include over 80 sound reproduction devices among which we find phonographs – the first operating devices enabling recording and reconstructing of sounds, several dozens of acoustic and electric gramophones of various types (case, table, tuba, portable or haversack gramophones), and a collection of a dozen or so radio receivers. Besides the complete gramophones, the department collections include phonographic accessories and gramophone fragments such as gramophone needles, record cleaning brushes, fragments of drive mechanisms and other accessories. Sound carriers such as records and phonographic cylinders constitute a significant part of the collections. The Department of Music features a collection of over 6000 records, among which dominant are the records by such world phonographic companies as: Gramophone, Victor, Columbia, Odeon, Telefunken, Parlophon, Beka or Favorite, and by the following Polish companies: Syrena Record, Muza, Melodie, recording the voices of the world famous artists such as: Enrico Caruso, Marcelina Sembrich, Jan Kiepura or Nellie Melba, as well as instrumental compositions performed by renowned soloists and world-famous orchestras. Besides cylinders and records, the Department of Music owns a rich collection of phonograph records (by PATHE Company) and carbon records (EDISON) requiring suitable players.

The collections are complemented with music publications, especially those connected with phonographic industry. They are mainly specialist magazines (from the beginnings of the phonographic industry), advertisements of record companies and gramophone production plants, press cuttings, sound postcards, record catalogues (of various companies), score and music publications, graphics and photographs related to phonographic subject matters, boxes for cylinders, record albums and several hundred of gramophone record covers. Besides preparing phonographic collections, the Department aims at gathering any kinds of historic items related to musical culture, including musical instruments from various epochs. The majority of museum items may be viewed at the exhibition titled Opera Phonography at Opera Nova and Café Pianola.

Moreover, the Department issued unique records titled Chopin from the Bydgoszcz phonography archives and Paderewski from the Bydgoszcz phonography archives – including records from the first decades of the 20th c. in the form of CDs and vinyl records, and is also working on the issue of the greatest operas of the Bydgoszcz collection.

 


Images:

II. Sound media (6)
I. Plays equipment (20)
   




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